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  • Life of Nakayama Hakudo

    Hi all,
    I'm looking for informations about Nakayama Hakudo's life (iai study in youth, iai teaching in Yushinkan dojo in Tokio, his iai students, etc.). I found some informations in wikipedia, youtube video or other sites but the informations are very same and austere.
    Do you know some link's with other informations about Hakudo's life?
    Did you hear some stories about his life?
    Please can you write me the message or emails (hakudoslife@seznam.cz) with this and please can you write me your source?
    If I have some mistakes in below text, please give me know.

    Thank you for your help.

    I found these informations about Nakayama (Hakudo) (Yushin) Hiromichi:
    ******************************************
    1869 (0 years old) - He bored in Japan (in Ishikawa area, in Kanazawa city).
    * - his teacher of Shimomura-ha was 15.soke Hosokawa (Gisho) Yoshimasa (Yoshiuma).
    * - his teacher of Tanimura-ha was Morimoto Hokushin Tokumi.
    1888 (19 years old) - Hakudo moved to Tokio.
    1888 (19 years old) - Hakudo became a member of dojo of Shingoro Negishi (kenjutsu Shint Munen ryu - derivate of Shinkage ryu) /* 3 */
    * - Hakudo trained and operated in Yushinkan dojo (in Tokio near Korakuen).
    1909 (40 years old) - Omura Yuji (1894-1980) started study iai under Nakayama Hakudo. /* 2 */
    1924 (55 years old)- Hakudo wrote the book Kendo Tekibiso.
    1931 (62 years old) - Matsuo Kenpu (Hiroshi) sensei became of member Yushinkan dojo. /* 5 */
    1933 (64 years old)- Hakudo presented his school in Kjoto taikai at first.
    1952 (83 years old)- Hakudo gave 9.dan to Matsuo Kenpu (Hiroshi). /* 5 */
    1955 (86 years old)- Hakudo's iai style named as jako Muso Shinden ryu (instead of name Muso Shinden ryu Batto Jutsu").
    1958 (89 years old)- Hakudo died.

    Nakajamas dojon kenjutsu/iaijutsu pupils were: Haga Junichi, Nakakura Kiyoishi, Nakajima Gorozo, Nakayama Zendo, Hashimoto Toyo, Saito Isamu, Matsuo Kenpu, Danzaki Tomoaki, Mitsuzuka Takeshi, Kimura, Yamatsuta Jukichi, Kamimoto Eiichi /* 6 */

    ******************************************
    My source:
    1 - http://www.kensei.org/Iaido/MSR
    2 - http://www.kensei.org/KenseiKensanKai/History
    3 - http://www.kampaibudokai.org/Iaido.htm
    4 - http://www.guard7.cz/mjer/strom_mjer.htm
    5 - http://www.iaido.fi/Msr/matsuo.html
    6 - http://kotisivu.dnainternet.fi/marko...hindenryu.html

  • #2
    I found these informations about Nakajama (Hakudo) (Yushin) Hiromichi:
    ******************************************
    1869 (0 years old) - He bored in Japan (in Ishikawa area, in Kanazawa city) - other sources note 11. February 1873 /* 9 , 10 */.
    * - his teacher of Shimomura-ha was 15.soke Hosokawa (Gisho) Yoshimasa (Yoshiuma).
    * - his teacher of Tanimura-ha was Morimoto Hokushin Tokumi.
    1888 (19 years old) - Hakudo moved to Tokio.
    1888 (19 years old) - Hakudo became a member of dojo of Shingoro Negishi (kenjutsu Shint Munen ryu - derivate of Shinkage ryu) /* 3 */
    * - Hakudo trained and operated in Yushinkan dojo (in Tokio near Korakuen).
    1907 (38 years old) - Hakudo was kendo instructor at Shimotsuma middle school beween 1907-1931 /* 8 */
    1909 (40 years old) - Omura Yuji (1894-1980) started study iai under Nakayama Hakudo. /* 2 */
    1924 (55 years old) - Hakudo wrote the book Kendo Tekibiso.
    1925 (56 years old) - During the 1930's Hakudo was the most famous member of the committee that drew up the sword curriculum for the Toyama Military Academy. Therefore he is considered by many to also be the father of the Toyama style of swordsmanship.
    * - Hakudo offered sharing of him dojo to Gichin Funakoshi for karate class. /* 7 */
    1931 (62 years old) - Matsuo Kenpu (Hiroshi) sensei became of member Yushinkan dojo. /* 5 */
    1933 (64 years old)- Hakudo presented his school in Kjoto taikai at first.
    1952 (83 years old)- Hakudo gave 9.dan to Matsuo Kenpu (Hiroshi). /* 5 */
    1955 (86 years old)- Hakudo's iai style named as jako Muso Shinden ryu (instead of name Muso Shinden ryu Batto Jutsu").
    1958 (89 years old)- Hakudo died 14. December 1958. /* 9 */

    Nakajamas dojon kenjutsu/iaijutsu pupils were: Haga Junichi, Nakakura Kiyoishi, Nakajima Gorozo, Nakayama Zendo, Hashimoto Toyo, Saito Isamu, Matsuo Kenpu, Danzaki Tomoaki, Mitsuzuka Takeshi, Kimura, Yamatsuta Jukichi, Kamimoto Eiichi /* 6 */

    ******************************************
    My source:
    1 - http://www.kensei.org/Iaido/MSR
    2 - http://www.kensei.org/KenseiKensanKai/History
    3 - http://www.kampaibudokai.org/Iaido.htm
    4 - http://www.guard7.cz/mjer/strom_mjer.htm
    5 - http://www.iaido.fi/Msr/matsuo.html
    6 - http://kotisivu.dnainternet.fi/marko...hindenryu.html
    7 - http://www.doshikai.org/bushido/arti..._and_a_Way.pdf
    8 - http://www.conradjoneskarate.com/ind...noriOtsuka.htm
    9 - http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nakayama_Hakudo
    10 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KLCAeFOpHUY

    Comment


    • #3
      Nakayama Hakudo life

      Hi again,
      I found some new sources about Nakayama Hakudo and I make some changes in the text. Here is result. Please, If you have any next informations, give me know or posted it here. Thank you a lot.

      Informations about Nakayama (Hakudo) (Yushin) Hiromichi:
      ******************************************
      1872 (0 years old) - He bored in Japan (in Ishikawa area, in Kanazawa city) - other sources note 11. February 1873 or year of 1869.
      - His family were retain-ers for the great Maede samurai clan of that area. /* 12 */
      1880 (8 years old) - Hakudo left his family to live with a merchant family in Tomiyama City. /* 12 */
      1880 (8 years old) - Hakudo became an eager student of the game of Go. /* 12 */
      1886 (14 years old) - Hakudo was considered to be an expert. /* 12 */
      1888 (16 years old) - Hakudo moved to Tokio. /* 12 */
      1889 (17 years old) - Hakudo played game of Go with Negishi Shingoro, who was the headmaster of the Yushinkan Dojo of swordsmanship (kenjutsu Shint Munen ryu - derivate of Shinkage ryu)/* 12 */
      1889 (17 years old) - Hakudo became a member of dojo of Negishi Shingoro /* 3, 12 */
      1895 (23 years old) - he received his first certificate of mastery /* 12 */
      1899 (27 years old) - he was named a complete master /* 12 */ Does it mean menkyo kaiden in Shint Munen ryu ?
      * - Hakudo married Shingoro’s daughter and was adopted into the Negishi family./* 12 */
      * - Hakudo studied Yamaguchi Itto ryu under Terai Ichitaro /* 12 */
      1905 (33 years old) - Hakudo opened a dojo in Tokyo, naming it Yushinkan (in Tokio near Korakuen) in honor of his teacher’s dojo. /* 12 */
      1907 (35 years old) - Hakudo was kendo instructor at Shimotsuma middle school beween 1907-1931 /* 8 */
      1909 (37 years old) - Omura Yuji (1894-1980) started study swordmanship under Nakayama Hakudo. /* 2 */
      * - Hakudo get invitation to study swordsmanship to Tosa from Itagaki Taisuke(1837-1919) /* 11 */
      * - Hakudo studied Omori ryu, Muraku ryu, Eishin ryu in Tosa under 15.soke of Shimomura-ha Hosokawa (Gisho) Yoshimasa (Yoshiuma) /* 11 */
      * - His next iai teacher from Tosa was Tanimura-ha sensei Morimoto Hokushin Tokumi. /* 11 */
      1922 (49 years old) - Hakudo became of the 16th mas-ter of that Shimomura branch. /* 12 */
      1924 (52 years old) - Hakudo wrote the book Kendo Tekibiso.
      1925 (53 years old) - During the 1930's Hakudo was the most famous member of the committee that drew up the sword curriculum for the Toyama Military Academy. Therefore he is considered by many to also be the father of the Toyama style of swordsmanship.
      1927 (55) he was named a master of Jodo (the staff) /* 12 */
      * - Hakudo offered sharing of him dojo to Gichin Funakoshi for karate class. /* 7 */
      1931 (59 years old) - Matsuo Kenpu (Hiroshi) sensei became of member Yushinkan dojo. /* 5 */
      1932 (60 years old) - Hakudo began using the term Iaido. /* 12 */
      1933 (61 years old) - Hakudo presented his school in Kjoto taikai at first.
      1946 (74 years old) - Hakudo was imprisoned at Yokosuga by the American forces for teaching martial arts. /* 12 */
      * - Hakudo left martial arts for a period but returned in the mid-1950s /* 12 */
      1952 (80 years old) - Hakudo gave 9.dan to Matsuo Kenpu (Hiroshi). /* 5 */
      1955 (83 years old) - Hakudo's iai style named as Muso Shinden ryu (instead of name Muso Shinden ryu Batto Jutsu).
      1958 (86 years old) - Hakudo died 14. December 1958. /* 9 */

      Nakajamas dojon kenjutsu/iaijutsu pupils were: Haga Junichi, Nakakura Kiyoishi, Nakajima Gorozo, Nakayama Zendo, Hashimoto Toyo, Saito Isamu, Matsuo Kenpu, Danzaki Tomoaki, Mitsuzuka Takeshi, Kimura, Yamatsuta Jukichi, Kamimoto Eiichi /* 6 */

      ******************************************
      My sources:
      1 - http://www.kensei.org/Iaido/MSR
      2 - http://www.kensei.org/KenseiKensanKai/History
      3 - http://www.kampaibudokai.org/Iaido.htm
      4 - http://www.guard7.cz/mjer/strom_mjer.htm
      5 - http://www.iaido.fi/Msr/matsuo.html
      6 - http://kotisivu.dnainternet.fi/marko...hindenryu.html
      7 - http://www.doshikai.org/bushido/arti..._and_a_Way.pdf
      8 - http://www.conradjoneskarate.com/ind...noriOtsuka.htm
      9 - http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nakayama_Hakudo
      10 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KLCAeFOpHUY
      11 - book: Japanese swordmanship:Technique and practise, Gordon Warner and Donn F. Draeger, ISBN:978-80-86977-14-0
      12 - http://www.aikidocenterla.com/newsle...r-april-09.pdf
      Last edited by birch; 1st November 2009, 01:05 AM.

      Comment


      • #4
        For the most part you are fairly accurate (there are still alot of grey areas you are missing... but in general this is a good summary).

        In 1895 he was recieved Mokuroku in Shindo Munen Ryu, from Negishi Sensei (it's not a certificate of mastery... no one in the Yushinkan today will claim that... it's simply the first scroll in the school). In 1899 he recieved Jun-Menkyo (2nd scroll in Shindo Munen Ryu), in 1903-4 he recieved Menkyo in Shindo Munen Ryu from Negishi Sensei (the highest scroll of Shindo Munen Ryu... not technically a Kaiden...). In 1905 he recieved a Menkyo-Jyo (a kirigami type of certificate) from Negishi Sensei making him the 7th Soke of Shindo Munen Ryu. He then inherited the Yushinkan from Negishi Sensei (as it was Negishi's dojo to begin with) and moved the dojo to Korakuen (later moving it to Yutenji). Hakudo Sensei would also recieve one more scroll from Negishi Sensei on (Shindo) Munen Ryu Iai (it is a special scroll detailing the technqiues (only handed down to the soke.... Ogawa Sensei has a more modern day version of it that he inhertited from Zendo Sensei aka... a book ^ ^)

        I while I have nothing but respect for the man.... Mitsuzuka Takeshi bearly studied 2 years under Hakudo Sensei before he died.... and at the time Mitsuzuka was studing Hakudo Sensei was not in good health and did not teach very actively (it should also be noted that Mitsuzuka was not a member of the Yushinkan, and so he did not recieve private instruction, but was taught together with large groups of people... I am unsure as to how much attention he actually recieved from Hakudo Sensei). Mitsuzuka's main teacher (where he recieved his ranks from) was Danzaki Tomoaki... not Hakudo Sensei (Mitsuzuka's iai really reflected that fact) so Mitsuzuka was technically a student of Hakudo Sensei...... but I can't really say that Hakudo Sensei really had an impact on his waza (as Mitsuzuka's technique really reflects that of Danzaki's and ZNKR Setei Gata influences)

        Please Understand I am not trying to upset anyone... just staiting the facts

        good job so far... there are still alot of holes but you got the jist of it

        best

        Jeff

        Comment


        • #5
          Life of Nakayama Hakudo

          Hi Jeff,
          thank you a lot for your informations. I'm glad for your response and I added your informations to text below. Yes, I agree with you about holes in this summary of Hakudos life.

          No informations about:
          1, his studiing iai in Tosa:
          - date ?
          - living in Tosa long time or commutattion ?
          - some informations about studing process ?
          - relationship between him and Tosa iai people (Oe Masamichi, etc.)
          2, period between 1909 - 1922
          3, period between 1933 - 1946
          4, period between 1947 - 1958
          5, informations about his children (Zendo Nakayama etc.)


          Informations about Nakajama (Hakudo) (Yushin) Hiromichi:
          ******************************************
          1872 (0 years old) - He bored in Japan (in Ishikawa area, in Kanazawa city) - other sources note 11. February 1873 or year of 1869.
          - His family were retain-ers for the great Maede samurai clan of that area. /* 12 */
          1880 (8 years old) - Hakudo left his family to live with a merchant family in Tomiyama City. /* 12 */
          1880 (8 years old) - Hakudo became an eager student of the game of Go. /* 12 */
          1886 (14 years old) - Hakudo was considered to be an expert in Go. /* 12 */
          1888 (16 years old) - Hakudo moved to Tokio. /* 12 */
          1889 (17 years old) - Hakudo played game of Go with Negishi Shingoro, who was the headmaster of the Yushinkan Dojo of swordsmanship (kenjutsu Shindo Munen ryu - derivate of Shinkage ryu)/* 12 */
          1889 (17 years old) - Hakudo became a member of dojo of Negishi Shingoro /* 3, 12 */
          1895 (23 years old) - He received Mokuroku - it is first scroll in the school /* 12, 13 */
          1899 (27 years old) - He received Jun-Menkyo - 2nd scroll in Shindo Munen Ryu /* 13 */
          1903-4 (31/32 years old) - He recieved Menkyo in Shindo Munen Ryu from Negishi Sensei (the highest scroll of Shindo Munen Ryu) /* 13 */
          * - Hakudo married Shingoro’s daughter and was adopted into the Negishi family /* 12 */
          1905 (33 years old) - He recieved a Menkyo-Jyo (a kirigami type of certificate) from Negishi Sensei making him the 7th Soke of Shindo Munen Ryu /* 13 */
          1905 (33 years old) - He inherited the Yushinkan dojo from Negishi Sensei. /* 13 */
          1905 (33 years old) - Hakudo moved the dojo to Korakuen (later moving it to Yutenji). /* 13, 12 */
          * - Hakudo studied Yamaguchi Itto ryu under Terai Ichitaro /* 12 */
          1907 (35 years old) - Hakudo was kendo instructor at Shimotsuma middle school beween 1907-1931 /* 8 */
          1909 (37 years old) - Omura Yuji (1894-1980) started study swordmanship under Nakayama Hakudo. /* 2 */
          * - Hakudo get invitation to study swordsmanship to Tosa from Itagaki Taisuke(1837-1919) /* 11 */
          * - Hakudo studied Omori ryu, Muraku ryu, Eishin ryu in Tosa under 15.soke of Shimomura-ha Hosokawa (Gisho) Yoshimasa (Yoshiuma) /* 11 */
          * - His next iai teacher from Tosa was Tanimura-ha sensei Morimoto Hokushin Tokumi. /* 11 */
          1922 (49 years old) - Hakudo became of the 16th mas-ter of that Shimomura branch. /* 12 */
          1924 (52 years old) - Hakudo wrote the book Kendo Tekibiso.
          1925 (53 years old) - During the 1930's Hakudo was the most famous member of the committee that drew up the sword curriculum for the Toyama Military Academy. Therefore he is considered by many to also be the father of the Toyama style of swordsmanship.
          1927 (55) he was named a master of Jodo (the staff) /* 12 */
          * - Hakudo offered sharing of him dojo to Gichin Funakoshi for karate class. /* 7 */
          1930 (58 years old) - Hakudo with Takakano Sasaburo demonstrated Nihon Kendo Kata
          1931 (59 years old) - Matsuo Kenpu (Hiroshi) sensei became of member Yushinkan dojo. /* 5 */
          1932 (60 years old) - Hakudo began using the term Iaido. /* 12 */
          1933 (61 years old) - Hakudo presented his school in Kjoto taikai at first.
          1940 (68 years old) - Hakudo performed iai (Hasegawa Eishin ryu kata) in face of Emperor
          1946 (74 years old) - Hakudo was imprisoned at Yokosuga by the American forces for teaching martial arts. /* 12 */
          * - Hakudo left martial arts for a period but returned in the mid-1950s /* 12 */
          1952 (80 years old) - Hakudo gave 9.dan to Matsuo Kenpu (Hiroshi). /* 5 */
          1955 (83 years old) - Hakudo's iai style named as jako Muso Shinden ryu (instead of name Muso Shinden ryu Batto Jutsu").
          1958 (86 years old) - Hakudo died 14. December 1958. /* 9 */

          Nakajamas dojon kenjutsu/iaijutsu pupils were: Haga Junichi, Nakakura Kiyoishi, Nakajima Gorozo, Nakayama Zendo, Hashimoto Toyo, Saito Isamu, Matsuo Kenpu, Danzaki Tomoaki, Kimura, Yamatsuta Jukichi, Kamimoto Eiichi /* 6 */

          ******************************************
          My sources:
          1 - http://www.kensei.org/Iaido/MSR
          2 - http://www.kensei.org/KenseiKensanKai/History
          3 - http://www.kampaibudokai.org/Iaido.htm
          4 - http://www.guard7.cz/mjer/strom_mjer.htm
          5 - http://www.iaido.fi/Msr/matsuo.html
          6 - http://kotisivu.dnainternet.fi/marko...hindenryu.html
          7 - http://www.doshikai.org/bushido/arti..._and_a_Way.pdf
          8 - http://www.conradjoneskarate.com/Bio...noriOtsuka.htm
          9 - http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nakayama_Hakudo
          10 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KLCAeFOpHUY
          11 - book: Japanese swordmanship:Technique and practise, Gordon Warner and Donn F. Draeger, ISBN:978-80-86977-14-0
          12 - http://www.aikidocenterla.com/newsle...r-april-09.pdf
          13 - post of Jeff Karinja in http://www.kendo-world.com/forum/showthread.php?t=17855
          14 - book: Looking at a Far Mountain: A Study of Kendo Kata, Paul Budden

          Comment


          • #6
            In addition to the pupils you had poited otu, you can add Noma Hisashi.
            For more info see:
            http://kenshi247.net/blog/2009/10/09/fujimoto-kaoru/

            Comment


            • #7
              Originally posted by birch View Post
              Hi Jeff,
              thank you a lot for your informations. I'm glad for your response and I added your informations to text below. Yes, I agree with you about holes in this summary of Hakudos life.

              No informations about:
              1, his studiing iai in Tosa:
              - date ?
              - living in Tosa long time or commutattion ?
              - some informations about studing process ?
              - relationship between him and Tosa iai people (Oe Masamichi, etc.)
              2, period between 1909 - 1922
              3, period between 1933 - 1946
              4, period between 1947 - 1958
              5, informations about his children (Zendo Nakayama etc.)


              1) I use to have the exact dates when he started and when he earned his menjo but when I moved back to Japan a neglected to bring my notes with me..... so I can't answer that as of right now

              2)Hakudo Sensei commuted to Shikoku once a year for a 4 month stay.... after which he would return to Tokyo. He did this for some 20-30 years before he was fully licenced in Muso Shinden Eishin Ryu (after some editing he renamed it Muso Shinden Ryu)

              3)Long, tough..... good and bad (most storied I know revolve around him and Negishi Sensei.... there are a few concerning Hosokawa Sensei, but those are not for outiders

              4)There are lots of stories about Hakudo Sensei.... and it is hard to know which stories are true of false... I know many stories that were passed down from Zendo Sensei to Ogawa Sensei (which are true) but.... again those are not for outsiders

              5)Zendo Sensei..... WWII veteren and good friend of Nakanishi Ha Itto Ryu's Takano Yuko (Takano Sasaburo's son). 10 dan, Hanshi in Kendo, Iaido. Menkyo Kaiden in Muso Shinden Ryu and Shinto Muso Ryu, and 8th Soke of Shindo Munen Ryu. He was one of the last Meiji Meijin (Experts of the Meiji) had many students in Kendo and Iai.... however out of the thousands of students he had only 10 were selected to train in Shindo Munen Ryu, Shinto Muso Ryu, Muso Shinden Ryu, and Kendo from him (most of whom had already trained under his father for 10 or more years). Out of these 10, only 5 recieved Menkyo... out of those 5 only 2 recieved Menkyo-Jyo. Those two were Saeki Soichiro (9th soke of Shindo Munen Ryu and the 4th inheritor of the Yushinkan), and Ogawa Takeshi (10 Soke of Shindo Munen Ryu and 5th inheritior of the Yushinkan).

              I will not get into the Nakayama Family. The Yushinkan maintains a strong relationship with the Nakayama Family taking part in several cerimonies with them. So it would not be right for me to release any information via this forum about them.

              Also while it is ok for me to call Hakudo and Zendo Sensei by his first name.... it maybe Shitsurei (or rude) for you to do so as well. The reason I use the their first names is because I have a direct connection to both of them (and permission from both Ogawa Sensei and the Nakayama family to do so). So to prevent any problems in the future it maybe best for you to refer to them by their last name (I do not mind if you call them by their first names but other may so use caution). Just giving you a heads up... so you don't dig yourself into a hole should you say it to the wrong people.

              there is alot more but I hope this helps

              best

              Comment


              • #8
                "1946 (74 years old) - Hakudo was imprisoned at Yokosuga by the American forces for teaching martial arts. /* 12 */"

                Where in the world did you read this? AFAIK no one was ever imprisoned by either the US forces or the Japanese govt for 'teaching martial arts', much less Nakayama sensei.

                Nakayama Hakudo sensei was also very involved in the International Martial Arts Federation, IMAF 国際武道院。

                See http://www.imaf.com/meijin.html

                四尺杖

                Comment


                • #9
                  updated info about Nakayama Hakudo sensei

                  Hi all,
                  thank you a lot for your next informations. I fixed up the summary and added next different informations or questions.
                  No informations about:
                  1, his studiing iai in Tosa:
                  - date ?
                  - some informations about studing process ?
                  - relationship between him and Tosa iai people (Oe Masamichi, Yukimune Sadayoshi etc.)
                  - was he or not 16.soke of Shimomura ha? Some genealogy sources report next other leaders of Shimomura ha as in http://www.iaido.fi/Articles/lineage.html


                  Informations about Nakayama (Hakudo) (Yushin) Hiromichi:
                  ******************************************
                  1872 (0 years old) - He bored in Japan (in Ishikawa area, in Kanazawa city) - other sources note 11. February 1873 or year of 1869.
                  - His family were retain-ers for the great Maede samurai clan of that area. /* 12 */
                  1880 (8 years old) - Hakudo left his family to live with a merchant family in Tomiyama City. /* 12 */
                  1880 (8 years old) - Hakudo became an eager student of the game of Go. /* 12 */
                  1886 (14 years old) - Hakudo was considered to be an expert in Go. /* 12 */
                  1888 (16 years old) - Hakudo moved to Tokio. /* 12 */
                  1889 (17 years old) - Hakudo played game of Go with Negishi Shingoro, who was the headmaster of the Yushinkan Dojo of swordsmanship (kenjutsu Shindo Munen ryu - derivate of Shinkage ryu)/* 12 */
                  1889 (17 years old) - Hakudo became a member of dojo of Negishi Shingoro /* 3, 12 */
                  1895 (23 years old) - He received Mokuroku - it is first scroll in the school /* 12, 13 */
                  1899 (27 years old) - He received Jun-Menkyo - 2nd scroll in Shindo Munen Ryu /* 13 */
                  1903-4 (31/32 years old) - He recieved Menkyo in Shindo Munen Ryu from Negishi Sensei (the highest scroll of Shindo Munen Ryu) /* 13 */
                  * - Hakudo married Shingoros daughter and was adopted into the Negishi family /* 12 */
                  1905 (33 years old) - He recieved a Menkyo-Jyo (a kirigami type of certificate) from Negishi Sensei making him the 7th Soke of Shindo Munen Ryu /* 13 */
                  1905 (33 years old) - He inherited the Yushinkan dojo from Negishi Sensei. /* 13 */
                  1905 (33 years old) - Hakudo moved the dojo to Korakuen (later moving it to Yutenji). /* 13, 12 */
                  * - Hakudo studied Yamaguchi Itto ryu under Terai Ichitaro /* 12 */
                  1907 (35 years old) - Hakudo was kendo instructor at Shimotsuma middle school beween 1907-1931 /* 8 */
                  1909 (37 years old) - Omura Yuji (1894-1980) started study swordmanship under Nakayama Hakudo. /* 2 */
                  * - Hakudo get invitation to study swordsmanship to Tosa from Itagaki Taisuke(1837-1919) /* 11 */
                  * - Hakudo studied Omori ryu, Muraku ryu, Eishin ryu in Tosa under 15.soke of Shimomura-ha Hosokawa (Gisho) Yoshimasa (Yoshiuma) /* 11 */
                  * - Hakudo studied Shimomura-ha under Yukimune Sadayoshi too /* 15 */
                  * - His next iai teacher from Tosa was Morimoto Hokushin Tokumi (Tanimura-ha). /* 11 */
                  * - Hakudo Sensei commuted to Shikoku once a year for a 4 month stay... after which he would return to Tokyo /* 15 */
                  1922 (49 years old) - Hakudo became of the 16th mas-ter of that Shimomura branch. /* 12 */
                  1924 (52 years old) - Hakudo wrote the book Kendo Tekibiso.
                  1925 (53 years old) - During the 1930's Hakudo was the most famous member of the committee that drew up the sword curriculum for the Toyama Military Academy. Therefore he is considered by many to also be the father of the Toyama style of swordsmanship.
                  1927 (55) he was named a master of Jodo (the staff) /* 12 */
                  * - Hakudo offered sharing of him dojo to Gichin Funakoshi for karate class. /* 7 */
                  1930 (58 years old) - Hakudo with Takakano Sasaburo demonstrated Nihon Kendo Kata /* 14 */
                  1931 (59 years old) - Matsuo Kenpu (Hiroshi) sensei became of member Yushinkan dojo. /* 5 */
                  1932 (60 years old) - Hakudo began using the term Iaido. /* 12 */
                  1933 (61 years old) - Hakudo presented his school in Kjoto taikai at first.
                  * - Hakudo taught fencing in Keio University /* 12 */
                  * - Hakudo taught fencing in Keishicho police academy /* 12 */
                  * - Hakudo tested a number of modern swords, made by swordsmiths Kanetoki(Kanemichi), Yoshichika /* 12,18,19 */
                  1940 (68 years old) - Hakudo performed iai (Hasegawa Eishin ryu kata) in face of Emperor /* 14 */
                  1945 (73 years old) - Hakudo was fencing master to the Emperor's Guard until the end of WWII /* 16 */
                  * - Hakudo left martial arts for a period but returned in the mid-1950s /* 12 */
                  * - Hakudo was also very involved in the International Martial Arts Federation, IMAF /* 17 */
                  1952 (80 years old) - Hakudo gave 9.dan to Matsuo Kenpu (Hiroshi). /* 5 */
                  1955 (83 years old) - Hakudo's iai style named as jako Muso Shinden ryu (instead of name Muso Shinden ryu Batto Jutsu").
                  1958 (86 years old) - Hakudo died 14. December 1958. /* 9 */

                  Nakayama sensei had a lot students of kenjutsu or iaijutsu:
                  Haga Junichi, Nakakura Kiyoishi, Nakajima Gorozo, Nakayama Zendo (Hakudo`s son), Hashimoto Toyo, Saito Isamu, Matsuo Kenpu, Danzaki Tomoaki, Kimura, Yamatsuta Jukichi, Kamimoto Eiichi /* 6 */
                  Morihiro Okada
                  Noma Hisashi(kendo)

                  List of controversial informations:
                  - year of birth? 1869, 1872, 1873
                  1946 (74 years old) - Hakudo was imprisoned at Yokosuga by the American forces for teaching martial arts. /* 12 */

                  ******************************************
                  My sources:
                  1 - http://www.kensei.org/Iaido/MSR
                  2 - http://www.kensei.org/KenseiKensanKai/History
                  3 - http://www.kampaibudokai.org/Iaido.htm
                  4 - http://www.guard7.cz/mjer/strom_mjer.htm
                  5 - http://www.iaido.fi/Msr/matsuo.html
                  6 - http://kotisivu.dnainternet.fi/marko...hindenryu.html
                  7 - http://www.doshikai.org/bushido/arti..._and_a_Way.pdf
                  8 - http://www.conradjoneskarate.com/Bio...noriOtsuka.htm
                  9 - http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nakayama_Hakudo
                  10 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KLCAeFOpHUY
                  11 - book: Japanese swordmanship:Technique and practise, Gordon Warner and Donn F. Draeger, ISBN:978-80-86977-14-0
                  12 - http://www.aikidocenterla.com/newsle...r-april-09.pdf
                  13 - post of Jeff Karinja in http://www.kendo-world.com/forum/showthread.php?t=17855
                  14 - book: Looking at a Far Mountain: A Study of Kendo Kata, Paul Budden
                  15 - genealogy from book from Iwata Norikazu www.iaido.fi/Articles/iwata-keito.pdf
                  16 - http://www.dragon-tsunami.org/Dtimes.../articled2.htm
                  17 - post of user Yonshakujo in http://www.kendo-world.com/forum/showthread.php?t=17855 and http://www.imaf.com/meijin.html
                  18 - http://home.earthlink.net/~steinrl/yoshchik.htm
                  19 - http://www.militaria.co.za/nihontome...e6fd52181bea3d

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    A minor addition: Nakyama Hakudo learned Shinto Muso Ryu jo from Uchida Ryogoro.

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      I found this article: http://www.japaneseswordsmanship.com...tion_with.html
                      Here is the quote from article:
                      "In his 1988 article “Thoughts on Iaido”, Nakamura Taizaburo expresses his opinion on this matter: After the war I had the distinct honour on three occasions to meet sensei Nakayama Hakudo. He was from Ishikawa prefecture and told me that in 1917 he once travelled to Tosa in Kochi prefecture to ask the Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu headmaster for permission to receive instruction, only to be refused entry simply because "he is from other prefectures." "

                      This could mean, that Hakudo sensei started learning of iai in Kochi from the year 1917.

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        complete article from Nakamura Taizaburo

                        Here is the complete article from Nakamura Taizaburo

                        http://www.dragon-tsunami.org/Dtimes.../articled2.htm

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          infos from e-budo forum

                          I found some explanations and new informations from Jeff Karinja on e-budo forum. Here are some interesting quotes from different posts about Nakayama Hakudo. Here are the parts from texts only. For full understanding is better read them all there. There are lot of interesting informations about MSR.
                          1,
                          "Hakudo recieved only a menkyo from Hosokawa Sensei. Nakayama Sensei received Menkyo Kaiden in Omori Ryu well before he recieved Menkyo in Muso Shinden Eishin Ryu."

                          2,
                          "Prior to being accepted into Muso Shinden Eishin Ryu (Shinmomura ha) Hakudo Sensei represented Shindo Munen Ryu in several duels and was famous for defeating Ozawa Jiro and Takano Shigeyoshi of Hokushin Itto Ryu, Koseki Kiyomasa of Muhen Ryu, and Sasaki Masanobu of Suifu Ryu. His victories earned him the name "Kendo no Kamisama" (The God of Kendo). These made Hakudo a difficult student to accept into another style let alone to teach."

                          3,
                          "Ogawa Sensei mentioned to me that Hakudo Sensei fought often with Shimizu Takaji and Oe Masamichi. So it does not surprise me that Hakudo Sensei fought with Hosokawa as well. Hakudo Sensei was already skilled in Iai though his training in Shindo Munen Ryu. Though SMRK and MSR have very different ideas of how to go about iai. In terms of grip Munen Ryu shifts and slides up the Tsuka inorder to cut, contorts the body to preform cuts at unusual angles, and have 3 very distinct noto(s), one of which became the standard noto for MSR. So his ideas of iai developed from Munen Ryu probably clashed with Hosokawa's on several occasions."

                          4,
                          "In the Yushinkan as well Hakudo Sensei is listed as 18th Headmaster of Muso Shinden Eishin Ryu (not the 16th). The lineage goes: Hosokawa -- Morimoto Tokumi -- Nakayama Hakudo (I am not exactly sure where Oe fits in). There are some lineages that discount Oe Masamichi and Morimoto Tokumi because as you mentioned they were not formally named "Soke", but were menkyo kaiden."

                          5,
                          "Not all Menkyo Kaiden(s) recieved the same number of densho. It really depended on the place and period of time you were training with Hakudo sensei. So if you were training in the Yushinkan and were among the first to earn a Menkyo Kaiden from Hakudo sensei like Zendo and Hashimoto Sensei did you would have recieved all of the densho. Keep in mind that if you earned a Menkyo Kaiden later than that in the Yushinkan you might be missing densho here and there (like Danzaki Sensei who recieved most of the densho from Hashimoto Sensei but not all). If you learned from the Yushinkai Iaido Renmei and managed to earn Menkyo Kaiden your densho may be more generalized thus you maybe missing some. The Shinden Ryu Books are a good example, out of the dozen or so people Hakudo sensei awarded Menkyo Kaiden to only about 3 or 4 were given the Shinden Ryu Books (and only a few passed them on to their students). So it is hard to give you a generalized answer about that."

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            Hakudo sensei and kendo kata

                            New information about Nakayama Hakudo and year 1917... Quote from http://www.yorku.ca/kendo/KendoForms.htm
                            "Taisho 16, 1917 Additional kendo kata material added to standard by Naito, Takaji; Takano Sasaburo; Kadona, Tadashi; Nakayama, Hakudo and Minatobe, Kuniharu. Showa 8, 1933 With more additions to the original standard the material was finalized."

                            Soon I'll update the new survey of living data from all the new information....

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              Nippon Times - 2.8.1945 - Hakudos article

                              I found next interesting post about Hakudo sensei in e-budo.com forum. http://www.e-budo.com/forum/showthread.php?t=634 There is quotes from newspaper article from 2.8.1945 from Nakayama Hakudo.

                              [Nippon Times. Tuesday, August 28, 1945. p.2., col. 6]
                              ---------
                              PEOPLE URGED TO DISPLAY GREAT SPIRIT OF BUSHIDO
                              ---------
                              Must Face Coming of Allied Troops With Dignity and Broadmindedness
                              -------------
                              We must face the coming of the Allied troops with dignity and broadmindedness with that spirit which led the samurai of old to fight for all he was worth in battle but once he owned defeat, gave him the magnanimity of heart to never brood over what was finished. This is the attitude of the fencing master Hiromichi [Hakudo] Nakayama, who says:

                              There is no sense in going over what is past and done. To brood over past events is the way of the weakling. In olden times, the samurai never mouthed what was finished. He fought for all he was worth against the enemy, but, once he owned defeat, the way of a true samurai was to love his enemy with greaer love than before the fight.

                              In fencing we call this spirit ohen or adapting ones self to the change. In other words, it is a condition where after realizing and acknowledging the natural tide of affairs, all past ambitions are given up and a state of nothingness is reached. This requires magnanimity of heart. It is the ultimate meaning of the art of fencing. We must greet the Allied Army with just such a spirit. Yesterday they were enemies but today they are no longer so. If we cannot think of them as being no longer enemies, then it canot be said that we truly understand the spirit of bushido.

                              If there is the least feeling of ill-will harbored in our hearts and if we cannot take a broad outlook, it is bound to show in our faces and attitude, giving reason for others to think of us as cowardly. I believe that the greatness of a nation lies in its broadminded attitude.

                              Comment

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